Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) has evolved in many developing countries from a mix of various technical components to a farmer-led program. Successful IPM has always followed an ecological approach. The decline of a chemical control paradigm came about because it could not successfully handle the problems of resistance, resurgence and secondary pest outbreaks, along with environmental and health hazards.  Alternatives to the chemical paradigm developed. The most successful of these was IPM. This approach encouraged the development of non-chemical methods that promote the growing of a healthy crop and at the same time protecting natural enemies, thus ensuring a low population of pest species. A participatory approach towards IPM demands that farmers need to be educated in the language of ecology to better appreciate the advances in an ecological pest management approach. In the last decade or so, advances in IPM in a number of Asian countries took the form of farmer education through Farmer Field Schools (FFSs) and follow-up activities (from Ketelaar & Kumar, 2009)

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