Sweet Orange

Common Name Sweet Orange
Kingdom Plantae
Order Sapindales
Family Citrus
Genus sinensis/aurantium
Species South-east Asia,
Native Evergreen. The pulp of oranges has different colors, yellow, orange or red, depending on the variety. The pulp consists of many membranous juice sacs which are enclosed in a number of wedge-shaped compartments.
Characteristics It is usually pale green to yellow when ripe, with sweet white (or, more rarely, pink or red) flesh and very thick pudgy/spongy rind. It is the largest citrus fruit, 10–25 cm in diameter,[1] and usually weighing 1–2 kg. The flesh is sweet. Pulp vesicles are large with a yellow or pink color.50
Distribution tropical and subtropical countries. Main areas of production are Brazil,United States and Mexico, some mediterranean countries (Spain, Italy, Egypt), India and China.
Climate and weather Orange are subtropical pants and can be grown in grown in warm tropical and subtropical areas. In cooler climates they are sometimes grown in greenhouses. Oranges do not tolerate freezing.
Insect pests Mites, scale insects, mealybugs, aphids, and fruit flies
Diseases Several diseases are known in orange including Cercospora and Xanthomonas. Diseases depend on the area and climate where the oranges are grown
Harvesting Usually harvested by hand, by pulling or clipping the fruits.
Uses Usually eaten fresh, for example as a dessert fruit. Also often used to produce orange juice.
Symptoms Attacked fruit will usually show signs of oviposition punctures. Fruit with high sugar content, such as peaches, will exude a sugary liquid, which usually solidifies adjacent to the oviposition site.

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