Papaya

Common Name

Papaya

Kingdom

Plantae

Division
Class

Order

Brassicales

Family

Caricaceae

Genus

Carica

Species

papaya

Native

Southern Mexico, Central America, Northern South America

Characteristics

Smooth skinned fruits. Papaya fruits vary a lot in size and shape, depending on the variety and type of plant (round, oval, pear-shaped, etc.). Fruits can be small ( afew hundred grams) to big (several kilos). Usually the fruits contain many seeds surrounded by the smooth yellow to orange-red flesh which usually has a sweet taste.

Distribution

Most tropical countries

Climate and weather

Papaya needs a warm tropical climate.

Duration

Insect pests

Mealybugs, thrips, mites, white flies, fruit spotting bugs, fruit flies.

Diseases

Virus diseases, mildew, anthracnose, root rot.

Harvesting

Harvest by hand when most of the skin is yellow-green. Then keep the fruit for ripening at room temperature for several days. The fruit is ripe when it feels soft and its skin has attained an amber to orange color.

Uses

Eat papaya as a fresh fruit. Peel the skin, then slice the content and remove the seeds. To enhance the taste squeeze some lemon juice over it. Papaya can be mixed in fruit salads.

Symptoms

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