Cucumber/Ghirkins

Common Name

Cucumber

Kingdom

Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida

Order

Cucurbitales

Family

Cucurbitaceae

Genus

Cucucmis

Species

sativus

Native

India

Characteristics

Cucumbers have cylindrical green fruits with a thin green rind. The fruits are elongated, with tapered ends. The flesh is white or very light green and contains many soft seeds.

Distribution

From Western Asia it has spread first to Europe and later to Americas.

Climate and weather

Cucumber requires a warm climate. The optimum temperature for growth is about 30°C and the optimum night temperature 18-21°C. In the tropics, elevations up to 1700 m appear to be suitable for cucumber cultivation

Duration

 

Insect pests

Aphids, cucumber beetles, red pumpkin beetle.

Diseases

Bacterial wilt.

Harvesting

Cucumbers are picked by hand. They can be harvested at any stage during their development, but preferably when immature (before the seeds become hard). Cucumbers used for pickles are harvested before they are 5 cm long. Cucumbers for slicing are usually 15 to 20 cm long, but some cultivars are longer. Pick them before they turn yellow; the best quality is when the skin is uniformly green.

Uses

Cucumbers are usually eaten fresh (in salads) but sometimes cooked. Small cucumbers are pickled in vinegar (gherkins). Cucumbers are sometimes used in skin care.

Symptoms

 

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