Eggplant

Common Name

Eggplant

Kingdom

Plantae
Division  
Class  

Order

Solanales

Family

Solanaceae

Genus

Solanum

Species

S. melongena

Native

India and Sri Lanka

Characteristics

In wild eggplants the fruit is rather small (size of an egg) but in cultivated plants the fruits can be much bigger with a variety of shapes, from round, to oval to elongated.

Distribution

All tropical and subtropical regions, but main production is in China, India, Egypt and Turkey.

Climate and weather

Eggplant requires a tropical or subtropical climate. It can be grown in temperate areas during the warmer part of the year. It cannot tolerate frost.

Duration

 

Insect pests

A major pest of eggplant is the fruit and shoot borer, a caterpillar that lives inside the stems (causing wilted shoots) or in the fruits.

Diseases

Verticillium and some other fungal diseases.

Harvesting

Ripe fruits are usually cut from the vine with a knife.

Uses

Fruits are cooked, fried, baked, roasted, or used in stews. Raw fruits have a rather bitter taste.

Symptoms

 

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