Tomato

Common Name

Tomato

Kingdom

Plantae
Division  
Class  

Order

Solanales

Family

Solanaceae

Genus

Solanum/Lycopersicon

Species

lycopersicum/esculentum

Native

Central and South America (area between Peru and Mexico)

Characteristics

The tomato fruit is a berry. Inside the fruit are two to five hollow cavities full of moisture and seeds. Fruits are first green, but turn bright red when ripe. In some cultivars the ripe fruits are yellow or orange in color.

Distribution

Now grown in all continents and in a wide range of climates.

Climate and weather

Tomatoes are grown in a wide range of climates from tropical to temperate.

Duration

 

Insect pests

A wide variety of insects can attack tomato including: cutworms, hornworms, aphids, whiteflies, tomato fruitworms, flea beetles, red spider mite, etc.

Diseases

Different fungal, bacterial, and virus diseases: tobacco mozaic virus, mildew, blight, fusarium and vertisillium wilt, etc.

Harvesting

Picking when tomatoes are ripe or almost ripe. Fruits grow in clusters and can be harvested as clusters or as single fruits.

Uses

Eaten fresh (in salads) or cooked in a variety of dishes (pizza, pasta, etc.) and soups. Processed to concentrated tomato paste, tomato ketchup, or tomato juice.

Symptoms

 

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