Bittergourd

Common Name

Bittergourd

Kingdom

Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida

Order

Cucurbitales

Family

Cucurbitaceae

Genus

Momordica

Species

charantia

Native

South Asia

Characteristics

The fruits are green usually oblong, has an irregular surface with warts and 8-10 vertical ridges. When ripe, the fruits turn yellowish orange in colour.

Distribution

 Southeast Asia, China, Africa, and the Caribbean.

Climate and weather

tropical and subtropical, hot and humid climates

Duration

 

Insect pests

 

Diseases

 

Harvesting

Pick the fruits every 2-3 days when they are still at the tender stage. Regular picking is important as fruits will become more bitter as they mature and it can also hamper the growth of new fruits.

Uses

 

Symptoms

 

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