Regional Training on IPM for Fruit Fly (Tien Giang, Vietnam, 7-14 December 2010)
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Improving productivity and quality of fruits and vegetables enhances food security, employment and trade opportunities. The Asian region (East, Southeast, and South) is among the top three regions worldwide — for both exporters and importers of fruits and vegetables. Among the various regions in Asia, the Mekong river basin countries is one of the important sub-regions that produces a range of fruits and vegetables for domestic consumption, regional and international trades. In 2004, Asian countries produced 178 million tones of tropical fruits which amounted to 66% of the total global production and earned 2.5 billion US$ (Somsri et al., 2007). Similarly, in recent years vegetable crops are increasingly becoming more important for regional and international trades originating from these countries. However, several factors constrain fruit and vegetable production such as tephritid fruit flies (Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera cucurbitae and possibly others like B. correcta). These fruit flies cause direct damage to fruits and vegetables leading to 90-100% losses depending on locality, variety and season. In addition, to the direct losses, fruit fly infestation result in serious losses in trade value and opportunity due to strict quarantine regulations imposed by most importing countries.
The Asia region can benefit from the experience on integrated fruit fly management from other regions as well as from previous and ongoing work in countries like Thailand and Vietnam. In addition to improving existing fruit fly IPM technologies, successful fruit fly pest management programmes, such as those in Hawaii, has identified that a critical component of successful area wide pest management programs are organized, coordinated and comprehensive outreach educational programs. This will entail preparing field staff to work with farming communities in innovating strategies and providing opportunities for farmers to learn about and experimenting with fruit fly integrated management options using Farmer Field School (FFS) approaches. It is for this reason that this Regional Training on IPM for Fruit Fly is being organized.
The overall objective of the training is to provide participants with information, education and hands-on experiences on fruit fly IPM to prepare them to assist farming communities in developing strategies for sustainable fruit fly management.
The specific objectives include:
- Exchange practical experiences and knowledge on existing fruit fly management strategies among the different countries;
- Identify tephritid fruit flies (Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera cucurbitae and possibly others like B. correcta) and observe various stages of life cycles of these species;
- Modify AESA, if needed, as to integrate population monitoring mechanism for fruit flies and as a basis to decide the timing of treatments that integrate a variety of control measures;
- Try out sustainable, science-based and tested technologies (e.g. protein baits, lures, bagging and good sanitation practices) to suppress fruit fly populations;
- Develop simple training models, curriculum, session guides, reference materials, and methodologies to train farmers on fruit fly IPM, preferably within the context of FFS and follow up training activities;
- Together with pilot farmers’ groups practice the design of innovative community-wide strategies for area-wide sustainable fruit fly management.
- Draft session guides on the life cycle, ecology and biology of fruit flies for use in ToT and FFS;
- Summary on how to monitor fruit fly population using AESA and also how to use AESA to initiate management options at FFS;
- Draft action research design, method, data collection system, expected results (A pre-requisite would be to bring along the summary of baseline information and crop calendars from the key areas where implementation will have to take place.)
- Monitoring and backstopping support plans from each country;
- Reporting formats for the FFS and development of Fruit fly FFS Diary.
Organization and Funding
The workshop will be organized by the Vietnam National IPM Programme and the FAO Regional IPM Programme in collaboration with AIT. All costs, including travel, associated with participation in the training by collaborating partners (national IPM Programmes in Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand) and selected invited additional participants/resource persons will be covered by the GCP/RAS/268/AIT project and other resources.
Dates, Location and Schedule
The training will be held in Tien Giang, Vietnam for a period of eight days (not including travel) from 7-14 December 2010.
Twenty to twenty five key IPM Trainers associated with ongoing National IPM Programmes and other FAO-supported projects will be invited to participate in the training. The participants will come from the ten countries below listed. The participants will be technical officers who will be involved in fruit fly action research/training who will be responsible for implementing Training of Trainers courses in Fruit Fly IPM and involved in day-to-day management of IPM FFS and post-FFS activities.
The distribution of participants by countries will be:
- 3 each from Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand (Asian Fruit Fly IPM implementation countries)
- 2 from Myanmar
- 2 from China
- 2 from Bangladesh
- 2 from Indonesia
- 2 from Philippines
- 2 from Nepal (tentative)
For further details click Concept Note